White gold is trendy when buying jewelry, so, surprisingly, many people do not know how this material is made. If you are one of them, keep reading, because in this article we will explore what it is and how it is done.
While most people are familiar with yellow gold, perhaps not all of us are clear about what white gold is and where it is obtained. White gold is not a new metal but an alloy of precious metals that allows combinations with other metals and precious stones. If you also want to know which of these two types of gold is more expensive.
Steps to follow:
1 The gold pure is 24 karat but is too fragile and soft to be treated in jewelry.
2 That is why 18-carat gold (known as first-grade gold) is usually used, containing 75% pure gold and 25% other metals.
3 White gold is an alloy of pure gold with other white metals such as silver, platinum, palladium, or nickel. In turn, it is usually coated with high-gloss rhodium to achieve a mirror finish.
4 Using metals such as palladium or platinum, which are more expensive than pure gold, means a white gold piece is more expensive than a similar yellow gold.
5. The cost ratio can be from 5% to 50% higher than yellow gold, depending on the process used for its manufacture.
White Gold vs Silver
How to know if it is white gold or silver
White gold and silver are two metals that can often be confused since their aesthetics are similar, although their characteristics are very different. Do you wonder how to know if it is white gold or silver? Keep reading and discover the keys to achieve it.
Differences between white gold and silver
Both metals have their color and hue in common, so they are very easily confused with the naked eye. Its main difference lies in its composition: silver jewelry is made of silver and copper, while white gold is made of gold and some white metal, such as platinum, palladium, or nickel. Over time, silver darkens and turns gray or black, while gold never darkens or loses its luster. Luckily, to clean silver, specific products will allow you to make it look new in just a few minutes.
Steps to know if it is white gold or silver
- Shine: White gold has a higher shine than silver.
- Brands: jewelry usually has a brand to differentiate its quality. Silver bears the mark 925, known as sterling silver, while gold will have its carats marked (22k, 18k, etc.)
- Price: gold is a higher quality metal than silver, whatever its types or versions, so it will always be more expensive.
Sheet of paper: a good trick to know if it is white gold or silver is to pass a ring through a white sheet of paper, for example. If it leaves no mark, it is white gold, but it is silver if it leaves a black or gray mark. It is undoubtedly a speedy and efficient way of being able to carry out this check.
Do you know any other way to tell if a jewel is a white gold or silver?
What Are The Differences Between White Gold And Yellow Gold?
When it comes to having an excellent detail with another person in the form of a jewel, we have often wondered about the differences between white and yellow gold. Are they just as resistant? And price? What are the different shades to which we can find this metal?
Gold is a metal that has very soft and malleable characteristics, in addition to its bright yellow hue. Another of the peculiarities of gold is that it is very resistant to rust, hence its durability. Still, we must be careful if we expose it for a long time to chlorine or bleach, for example. The color of gold
Thus, when used for jewelry, it is usually mixed with different alloys such as zinc, silver, copper, or nickel. In this way, we will obtain a piece that stands out for its durability and resistance. In this process, and according to the percentage that we use for each metal, we will obtain one tonality or another.
• Yellow: it is obtained by mixing gold with copper, giving it a red tinge and silver, which provides a slightly more greenish touch.
• White: it is achieved by mixing 18-karat gold with the occasional off-white metal such as platinum, manganese, palladium, zinc, or nickel. In addition, jewelers often use rhodium for bathing that piece and giving it a shiny finish.
• Pink: it is obtained from the mixture of gold with fine silver and copper, in less quantity to differentiate it from the more conventional tone.
Did you know that, in addition, to these best-known shades, we can have green, blue, gray, red and black even In this way, if we mix gold and silver, we obtain a green tone; blue if we make the alloy with iron; gray when it comes to gold with nickel or red if we join it with copper. For its part, the black hue is obtained through rhodium plating. The only downside in this regard is that being a coating, it needs more frequent maintenance.
Differences In Price Or Durability?
If we take an 18-carat gold ring and another of the same purity, but in a white tone, the cost hardly varies in one case; since the percentage of gold used in both instances is maintained, other metals are added in its composition. Typically, the price differences lie in the design; it has different types of precious pieces added.
Regarding its resistance, many times, it refers to the fact that white gold has worse maintenance than yellow. However, like everything else, it depends on the use and care we give it. In this sense, over the years, the damage to a piece of yellow gold can be noticed, while in the case of white, as it is coated in rhodium, it needs a bath every so often.
How To Know If It Is White Gold?
Jewelry is more than a mere accessory for its wearer; in many cases it defines the personality, character, and of course, the wearer’s taste. Therefore, the choice of precious metal must always be consistent with the person’s skin type. It can be said that Gold is one of the most used precious metals; there are infinities of jewels and objects made of Gold, but how do you know if it is white Gold?
You may not know, there are different types of Gold. These vary in color; yellow Gold is the best known to all, rose gold and white gold, another distinctive feature of this precious metal is its carats, which ultimately define its economic value.
But do you know what is white Gold? This precious metal is gold, from which the natural golden color is removed with the help of silver, chrome, or platinum metals to create a silver coloration.
White Gold contains 100% of the silver color that can be seen on the surface in all its layers, so this precious metal carries its coloration not only on the surface but in its deepest layers. Therefore, the silver color of white Gold cannot be removed by wear, scratching, or sawing.
How To Know If The Jewel You Bought Is White Gold?
This precious metal is a high-quality alternative to silver. Compared to silver, white Gold has the advantage that it does not rust, and therefore no unsightly discoloration occurs. For this reason, much high-quality jewelry today is made in white Gold as an alternative to the usual silver.
White Gold is not a protected term, so there are many different alloys of White Gold, which differ in color, quality, and price, but how do you know if it is white Gold?
Also, it exists with different contents of fine Gold. As with yellow Gold, gold content of 75% is best suited for producing white gold jewelry (750 white gold). 585 white gold is also widely used, which, as the name suggests, is (585/1000) 58.5% fine gold and therefore less valuable.
How To Know If It Is Gold And Not Silver?
The most common and recommended white Gold is palladium; this white gold alloy comprises Gold, silver, and palladium, or just Gold and palladium. In some low gold, white gold alloys, as much palladium is added to the mass as necessary to achieve the desired shade. To complete the selected group, the remaining missing is filled with silver and copper, two metals that neutralize each other in color.
Examples of copper-containing white gold alloys are 370 white gold with the Premium White hue (for example, 37% gold, 11% silver, 20% copper, and 32% palladium) and Standard White alloys ( for example, 45% gold, 13% silver, 12% copper, and 25% palladium).
If the gold content is higher, the copper is omitted. Palladium 750 white Gold is made up solely of gold and palladium (75% gold, 25% palladium) or has an additional silver component.
They are mainly used, high-quality 18 karats (750) white palladium gold with a palladium content of 14%. It is so that the jewels shine with their original beauty for as long as possible and are protected from external influences.
One of the elements that characterize Gold is its stamping on the jewel or on the object, which is a kind of identification where it shows the number of carats it has; for example, “22K”, “18K”, “14K”. This identification defines the purity of the garment.
Now even though white Gold has a silver luster, it is a form of Gold. With the help of silver, chrome, or platinum metals, the actual color of the Gold is removed, giving the jewel a silvery color. As the name suggests, this white Gold is mainly made up of Gold and silver, with occasional additions of small amounts of other metals.
This white gold alloy is available with a fineness of 33.3%, 59%, and 75%. With 333 silver white gold, the Standard White tone is reached, but the designation 670 silver would be more correct here.
How To Know If It Is White Gold Or Stainless Steel?
White Gold has its designation of quality and purity; it is the 1st Premium White, 2nd Standard White, and 3rd White Off. But how do you know if it is white Gold or stainless steel? The difference between these metals is very evident.
Currently, stainless steel garments are very fashionable. But there are differences between these types of jewelry, example:
• White gold jewelry or objects have a lower weight compared to stainless steel jewelry or objects.
• The stainless steel is easily scratched, i.e., garments made in this metal jewelry are often marked, even depending on the use and quality, can be deformed.
• Jewelry or objects made of white Gold are not easily scratched.
• Stainless steel tends to have a darker grayish color, while white gold is a brighter gray with a tendency to white.
• White Gold has an identification stamp where it shows the purity of the jewel or object.
Are There Different Types of Gold?
If there are different types of Gold, the best known is yellow or golden Gold, whose color is authentic or in its natural state, there is the White Gold to which we have been referring, and there is the Pink Gold.
Pink Gold is not a pure metal such as silver and gold, but an alloy, wherein gold is added a certain amount of copper to create a pink hue. If the proportion of copper is more significant than that of Gold, it is no longer rose Gold but red Gold, which has a warm and robust character.
Rose gold is more discreet than Gold but more expressive than silver; of course, both pink Gold and silver are usually of lower purity and lower quality than yellow Gold. Various alloys are made with Gold to give them other textures and colors. Such is the case of chrome; it is very suitable to discolor Gold.
One of the problems with chrome gold alloy is that it is complicated to cast. This is why chrome white Gold has not been able to establish itself in the jewelry market. Also, adding iron makes it possible to produce a bluish-white shade of Gold, for example, iron 750 white gold (75% gold, 25% iron).
This is a cheaper alternative to white palladium gold, making it easier to acquire. At the end of the 1990s, an attempt was made to replace the health-damaging nickel white gold with white manganese gold. However, it quickly disappeared from the market again because it has a slightly yellowish color and tends to discolor.
Another of the alloys of white Gold was with platinum, although this did not have much boom since its coloration is relatively dark and challenging to work on jewelry.
How Do I Know Which Type Of Gold Is According To My Skin Tone?
When we choose a jewel, we usually do it according to our taste and the pleasure that it creates in us. But some tips can be helpful when selecting jewelry.
For example, silver jewelry itself radiates a cool hue. Therefore, light or pale skin types should go for silver jewelry, as this metal perfectly underlines the light skin tone.
Pale-skinned people usually have a delicate pink undertone on their face, especially with silver-colored necklaces. Silver jewelry is not only suitable for lighter skin types but also modern and sporty women. But how do you know if it is white Gold?
So if you have a paler complexion and the word “glamor” is not at the top of your list of attributes, silver jewelry is made for you, so it is highly recommended that you wear white Gold.
As for darker skin types, since Gold is a warm tone, it is perfect for tanned or darker skin types. Even on slightly tanned skin, gold jewelry attracts attention and exudes a delicate glamor and elegance.
Rose gold for light and dark skin, already for this type of Gold, is a matter of your taste if you like this color in jewelry.
Another element that you can consider when choosing a white gold jewel is eye and hair color.
These generally go hand-in-hand with skin type, with lighter skin types predominantly having blond hair and typically having a blue or green eye color. But what if you are light-skinned but have dark brown or black hair? In this case, there is another deciding factor – the color of the wrist veins.
To do this, look at your veins in natural light. If they appear greenish, your skin has a warm undertone – Gold would be a suitable option. If, on the contrary, your veins are bluish, you belong to the coldest skin type, and you should opt for silver or white Gold.
How To Know If It Is Authentic White Gold?
Some tests can help you identify whether your garment is Gold or not. One of them is the “bite test.” Gold belongs to the softest metals, which means that deformations and impressions on the surface can occur if enough pressure is applied to the points.
However, the bite test would require so much force that our dentures and jaws could be injured in the process.
The other is the magnetic test. For this, it is better to use a stronger magnet; a fridge magnet is not enough. Since Gold is not magnetic, it should not stick to the magnet. However, there are other metals used as fake Gold that are not magnetic. Therefore, the mere fact that the object is not attracted to the magnet is not a definitive indication.
There is also the test of the water of Archimedes. This discovery leads to the following method, slightly modified for domestic use: As Gold has a particular density and therefore a volume by weight, it also displaces precise amounts of water in a container of water.
However, different density values are obtained depending on the alloy and fineness. Pure Gold has a density of approximately 19g / cm³, 14 karat gold, a thickness of about 13-14g / cm³. Therefore, it is necessary to know in advance the fineness of the Gold and the corresponding values.
The first step is to weigh the gold piece. Let’s assume a weight of 50 grams as an example. Next, a container with a millimeter scale is filled with water, and the water level is recorded precisely. Afterward, the gold piece is placed in the container, and the value by which the water level has risen is noted.
For example, suppose the water level has risen by 5 millimeters. Now use the following formula to calculate the density of the object: Mass divided by the change in volume. Thus, 50 divided by five results in a thickness of 10g / cm³ for our object. So it is not pure Gold; at best, it could be an alloy with a high content of foreign metals.
Another of the most effective tests is the test on jewelry here; a jeweler will determine the authenticity with the help of an acid test. Nitric acid is put into the Gold, and if there is no color reaction from the acid, it is actual Gold. Alloys of less than 8 carats, below a minimum of 33% gold, are not generally considered Gold.
Finally, today we know Gold mainly as a material for producing gold jewelry, such as gold rings, gold bracelets, or gold watches. But especially as gold bullion and reserve, as well as watches, can be a valuable investment.
However, Gold has been of high value to people for thousands of years. The gold resource is minimal, and our earth already depends on extraordinary processes in the universe to access new reserves.
What Is White Gold?
White gold is a gold alloy. It is made of pure gold mixed with alloy metals that have a silvery-white color. Usually, the different metals used in white gold are palladium, silver, nickel, copper, and zinc.
The whiteness of the alloy depends on the metals used and the proportions in which they are added; This is why some pieces of white gold tend to be whiter, while others have a more rich yellow hue.
Why is it mixed with alloying metals?
In all gold jewelry, pure gold must be mixed with harder metals for durability and strength. On its own, pure gold is a very soft metal. Without the harder alloying metals holding it rigid, pure gold would easily deform.
This is the case if the jewelry is made of yellow gold, rose gold, or white gold, because, in any of these variations, the gold itself would be too soft. In white gold, in addition, silver-colored alloys help to create the desired white color.
Why Is White Gold Covered With Rhodium?
Since white gold alloys generally look more or less yellowish, they are often covered with a thin layer of rhodium. This plating gives white gold jewelry the color and chromatic appearance that people commonly associate with this material.
Rhodium plating also adds additional strength and toughness to the part to which it is applied.
How Long Does White Gold Stay In Good Condition?
In conclusion, white gold is a beautiful and precious metal. It has the same appearance as silver but is more affordable and much more resistant. Its neutral color and durability make it the ideal companion for all gemstones.
Just remember that since white gold is made from a mix of pure yellow gold with alloys and plated with rhodium, it will eventually need a new layer to maintain its color.
We invite you to know our collection where you will find beautiful pieces of this and more types of gold.