Cambodia is, without a doubt, a country to visit at least once in your life. Its fascinating culture and historical legacy leaves no one indifferent. Its main attraction are the Temples of Angkor, a place where you can lose yourself for a few days and relive that intense past.
Here are the basic information to prepare your trip to Cambodia, as well as links to more information.ci
At the main borders they process you a visa valid for 30 days at the moment. For this it is necessary:
- Valid passport with a minimum validity of 6 months
- Passport size photo
- Payment of 20 USD $
On departure you have to pay a fee of $ 25, you can pay in cash or by card at the airport.
Borders where they admit the VISA on arrival:
- Phnom Penh International Airport
- Siem Reap International Airport
- Cham Yeam (Koh Kong,) Thailand
- Poi Pet (Banteay Meanchey), Thailand
- Bavet (Svay Rieng), Vietnam
e_VISA. The issuance of the visa online is now available through the following website Information of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cambodia. It takes 3 days and $ 5 more is paid, but I have read that it is not recommended as fraud has been detected.
There are no mandatory vaccinations but the following are recommended:
- Japanese encephalitis
- Hepatitis A and B
In tourist areas there is a very low incidence, the risk of malaria only exists in the border provinces. For these it is recommended to take the following precautions:
According to the WHO this is the ABCD of protection against malaria.
- Know the risk, the incubation period and the main symptoms.
- Avoid mosquito bites, especially between dusk and dawn (using a spray and mosquito net).
- Take anti-malaria pills (Chemoprophylaxis) to stop the infection when necessary.
- See a doctor immediately and start treatment if fever appears in a period of a week or more from entering a malaria risk site, and up to a maximum of 3 months after departure.
The official currency is the RIEL (KHR) although the US dollar is also used for large payments.
Credit cards are accepted in major hotels and some restaurants and traveller’s checks can only be exchanged in Phnom Penh.
Tropical climate with two seasons. The dry season in Cambodia begins in November and ends in March: temperatures remain stable around 30 ° C and days are sunny. The monsoon period lasts from May to October in Cambodia: the air is very humid and very hot (35 ° C) with violent but short-lived rains. Floods are frequent.
The majority language is JEMER, but Chinese, Vietnamese, English and French are also spoken.
The majority religion is Theravada Buddhism although, to a lesser extent, there are also Muslims and Christians.
It is 220 V and the plugs are the same as in Spain.
ADDRESSES OF INTEREST
Country Code: 855
Cambodian Embassy in France, accredited in Spain
4, rue Adolphe Yvon – 75116 PARIS (France)
Tel: 33 (0) 145 034 720 – Fax: 33 (0) 145 034 740
http: // www.ambcambodgeparis.info/
Representation of Spain in Cambodia:
The Ambassador on Special Mission for Cambodia is at the following address:
Embassy of Spain. Garden Mansion. Number 23 Street 47. Phnom Penh
Tel / Fax:: +855 23 991 454
Technical Office for Cooperation (AECID):
138, Norodom Boulevard, 3rd floor
Tel: +855 23 211 082 / Fax: +855 23 211082
Embassy of Spain in Bangkok (for consular procedures)
Lake Rajada Office Complex, 23rd. Floor
193 Rajadapisek Road
Tel .: (66) -0- 2 661 8284/7 / Fax: +66 (0) 2 661 9220
Consular Emergency Telephone: +66 (0) 818 68 75 07
Visa Section: firstname.lastname@example.org
Links of interest:
A LITTLE HISTORY
(Information taken from Wikipedia)
The official name is Kingdom of Cambodia and they currently live in a constitutional monarchy. The population is around 14 million and its capital is Phnom Penh.
The Khmer people were among the first in Southeast Asia to acquire Indian political ideas and political institutions, as well as to establish centralized kingdoms covering vast nearby territories.
The first known kingdom of the area, Funan, flourished between the 5th and 6th centuries. It was succeeded by Chenla, which controlled large areas of present-day Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand.
The golden age of Khmer civilization is the period between the 9th and 13th centuries. At that time the kingdom of Kambuya, which gave its name to Cambodia, ruled over vast territories from its capital in the Angkor region of western Cambodia, on the banks of the Mekong River.
At the beginning of the 13th century, Kambuya reached its political and cultural peak; In addition to the territory of present-day Cambodia, its territory included eastern Thailand, southern Laos, and southern Vietnam up to the former Kingdom of Champa.
Some factors in its decline were the aggressiveness of neighboring peoples (especially the Siamese and Champa), interdynastic strife, and the gradual deterioration of the complex irrigation system on which rice production depended. The Angkorian monarchy survived until 1431, when the Thais captured the city and the Khmer king fled to the south of the country.
The period between the 15th and 19th centuries was one of continuous decline and territorial losses. Cambodia, however, enjoyed a brief period of prosperity during the 16th century as their kings built their capitals in the southeastern region of the Tonlé Sap, which boosted trade with other parts of Asia. During this period the country was visited for the first time by Spanish and Portuguese adventurers and missionaries.
The Thai conquest in 1594 marked the downfall of the country, which came to depend on the conflicts of its two growing neighbors in power, Siam and Vietnam. The establishment of Vietnam in the Mekong Delta led to the annexation of that area to its territorial possessions towards the end of the 17th century. Consequently, Cambodia lost one of its richest territories and its outlet to the sea. This type of loss occurred during the first half of the 19th century as this neighbor intended to completely absorb the Khmer land and assimilate its inhabitants to the Vietnamese culture.[cita requerida]
After centuries of decline, Cambodia was converted into a French protectorate in 1863 and together with Vietnam and Laos it was part of French Indochina. In 1867, in exchange for Siam’s recognition of its protectorate, France promised not to annex Cambodian territory to Cochinchina and recognized Thai possession of the Battambang and Angkor provinces.
For thirty years the colonial government allowed King Norodom I to direct the interior affairs of the country, reserving the exterior ones. After his death in 1904, with the rise to power of his brother Sisowath, the French increased their power over the throne. The restitution of the two western provinces that were in the power of Siam made the colonial power consolidate even more. The friendship between the two countries continued with the Monivong heir.
Although the French built certain infrastructure in Cambodia, particularly roads, this development was aimed at the integration of Indochina, and not at improving the conditions of the inhabitants. Indeed, Cambodians were very poorly represented in Hanoi’s central administrations, most of the professionals and technicians working in the country were Vietnamese. For their part, the Chinese controlled the government. In 1937, of the 631 students enrolled at the Indochina University of Hanoi, only 3 were Cambodians.
After the Japanese occupation in World War II and the Indochina War, the country declared its independence in 1953. After independence it was involved in the Vietnam War between the United States and South Vietnam against North Vietnam and the Vietcong.
The Khmer Rouge
Democratic Kampuchea was the official name for Cambodia under the communist government of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge party between 1975 and 1979. During this period about two million Cambodians died from the extermination policies of what Pol Pot called “The hidden enemy”, that is, everything that he considered contrary to his plan to build “a new communist Cambodia.” This action generated other types of consequences such as famines and epidemics that were never addressed.
Its most important repercussion, however, was the 1,700,000 victims left by the repression unleashed within the framework of the search for the “hidden enemy”. It is estimated that more than a quarter of the population died during what is known as the Cambodian genocide.
The period ended with the Vietnamese invasion through a war that lasted 17 days between December 1978 and January 1979 and the going into hiding of Pol Pot and his people.
In 1991 the warring parties, the UN and other countries reached an agreement to end the conflict. It consisted of temporarily taking power by a Supreme National Council made up of UN authorities and delegates from the different factions of the country. Prince Norodom Sihanouk would be the president of the same. In 1993 the monarchist FUNCINPEC won the elections. The government ratified a new constitution, restoring the monarchy and establishing the Kingdom of Cambodia, with Prince Sihanouk as king (it was his second term as monarch). After these elections, no country would recognize the government in exile, and it lost its seat in the UN and foreign aid.
Hun Sen, Cambodian Prime Minister.
In July 1997 Hun Sen carried out a coup against FUNCINPEC and replaced Prince Ranariddh. Elections were held again in 1998 and the Cambodian People’s Party and FUNCINPEC reached an agreement whereby Hun Sen would be Prime Minister and Ranariddh the President of the National Assembly, and according to which a coalition government would be formed and a senate
Pol Pot died in 1998 and in the same year King Norodom Sihanouk granted an amnesty to the main Red Khmer chiefs, which in any case did not satisfy many. At the beginning of 1999 most of the Khmer Rouge guerrillas accepted the offered peace process and only a stronghold continued in the northwestern provinces. Ta Mok, Pol Pot’s political heir, was captured and ended his years in prison (he died in 2006). Pressure from many human rights organizations both nationally and internationally and from the UN, led to a long process of negotiations with the government of Hun Sen to advance a trial against the leaders of Democratic Kampuchea responsible for the disappearance of a fourth of the national population in what has been described as genocide. In 2006 the jury was constituted and at the beginning of 2007 the Trial of the Khmer Rouge was opened.
In 2003 King Norodom Sihanouk abdicated for the second time and the Royal Council elected Prince Norodom Sihamoní, his son, as his successor as King of Cambodia.